This is my White Star Trivia Page. This is one page to which I hope you all will contribute. Pictures with your submissions are preferred but actually I’ll accept any anecdote about Titanic, Olympic or the White Star or Cunard Lines. Just send them to my email at .

BBC Archive from 1957 with Titanic Survivors

Titanic genuine lost film

THERE IS A DIFFERENCE!

Which one is *Titanic*? Which is *Olympic*? Can you tell the difference? Look at the promenade deck right below the boat deck. *Titanic’s *deck is partially closed in. *Olympic’s* is open to the air. Many *Olympic* passengers complained about sea spray blowing onto that deck, so H&W closed off a little more than a third of *Titanic’s* deck to accommodate *Titanic’s* passengers. This shows that the Olympics were works in progress with improvements put on later ships AND that those who claim the *Olympic* really went down can look at pictures of the wreck and know it was *Titanic* that sank. One other difference is that *Titanic* was heavier than *Olympic*. That’s what made her bigger.

A WHITE (STAR) SHIP

To celebrate the launch of the Flagship (the jewel) of the Olympic Class Ships. *RMS Olympic* was painted white for her launch. She crossed the Atlantic 500 times, and was known as “Old Reliable.”

THE FUNNELS

The fourth funnel of the Olympics had three purposes. First was to make them look more powerful, secondly it was used in air recirculation, thirdly it was used to store things such as deck chairs. The large pipes on the side were to allow steam to blow off in an emergency. They did that on *Titanic.* It made quite a lot of noise and caused panic.

According to my memories, Tommie and J.J. Astor were crushed by the forward funnel as they tried to get off the sinking *Titanic*.

NICE PLACE TO READ

This is the reading and writing room aboard *RMS ADRIATIC* launched in 1907. Pretty fancy, huh? White Star never shirked on luxury in any of her ships.

A RESURRECTION

A side of Titanic was raised some years ago. Can you tell me when? Can you tell me on which side of the ship it was located and whose cabin it was near? I honestly don’t know, but he or she that does know will get a free printed copy of my book! Contact me at
.

I will tell you that it hit the side of the crane brace and rang like a bell. See the tab Death Of a Titan and see what I think of that.

**Tonnage measurements**

**Gross tonnage** (**GT**) is a function of the volume of all ship's enclosed spaces (from keel to funnel) measured to the outside of the hull framing. The numerical value for a ship's GT is always smaller than the numerical values for both her *gross register tonnage* and the GRT value expressed equivalently in cubic meters rather than cubic feet, for example: 0.5919 GT = 1 GRT = 2.8316 m3; 200 GT = 274 GRT = 775,88 m3; 500 GT = 665 GRT = 1,883.07 m3; 3,000 GT = 3,776 GRT = 10,692.44 m3), though by how much depends on the vessel design (volume). There is a sliding scale factor. So GT is a kind of capacity-derived index that is used to rank a ship for purposes of determining manning, safety and other statutory requirements and is expressed simply as GT, which is a unitless entity, even though its derivation is tied to the cubic meter unit of volumetric capacity.

Tonnage measurements are now governed by an IMO Convention (International Convention on Tonnage Measurement of Ships, 1969 (London-Rules)), which applies to all ships built after July 1982. In accordance with the Convention, the correct term to use now is GT, which is a function of the moulded volume of all enclosed spaces of the ship.

It is calculated by using the formula : , where *V* = total volume in m3 and *K* = a figure from 0.22 up to 0.32, depending on the ship’s size (calculated by : ), so that, for a ship of 10,000 m3 total volume, the gross tonnage would be 0.28 × 10,000 = 2,800. GT is consequently a measure of the overall size of the ship. For a ship of 80,000 m3 total volume the gross tonnage would be 0.2980617 × 80,000 = 23,844.94 GT.

**Net tonnage** (NT) is based on a calculation of the volume of all cargo spaces of the ship. It indicates a vessel’s earning space and is a function of the moulded volume of all cargo spaces of the ship.

A commonly defined measurement system is important; since a ship’s registration fee, harbour dues, safety and manning rules etc., are based on its gross tonnage, GT, or net tonnage, NT.

**Gross register tonnage** (**GRT**) represents the total internal volume of a vessel, where a register ton is equal to a volume of 100 cubic feet (2.83168 m3), which volume, if filled with fresh water, would weigh around 2,800 kg or 2.8 tonnes. The definition (and calculation) of the internal volume is complex; a ship's hold can, for instance, be assessed for bulk grain (accounting for all the air space in the hold) or for bales (omitting the spaces into which bulk, but not baled cargo would spill). If *V* stands for the total internal volume in m3, then the GRT equals *V* / 2.83168, so for a ship of 10,000 m3 total internal volume, the gross register tonnage is 10,000 / 2.83168 = 3531.47 GRT. Gross register tonnage was replaced by *gross tonnage* in 1994 under the Tonnage Measurement convention of 1969, and is no longer a widely used term in the industry.[1][2]

**Net register tonnage** (**NRT**) is the volume of cargo the vessel can carry; i.e., the gross register tonnage less the volume of spaces that will not hold cargo (e.g., engine compartment, helm station, crew spaces, etc., again with differences depending on which port or country is doing the calculations). It represents the volume of the ship available for transporting freight or passengers.It was replaced by *net tonnage* in 1994, under the Tonnage Measurement convention of 1969.

The **Panama Canal/Universal Measurement System (PC/UMS)** is based on *net tonnage*, modified for Panama Canal purposes. PC/UMS is based on a mathematical formula to calculate a vessel's total volume; a **PC/UMS net ton** is equivalent to 100 cubic feet of capacity.[3]

The **Suez Canal Net Tonnage (SCNT)** is derived with a number of modifications from the former net register tonnage of the Moorsom System and was established by the International Commission of Constantinople in its Protocol of 18 December 1873. It is still in use, as amended by the *Rules of Navigation* of the Suez Canal Authority, and is registered in the **Suez Canal Tonnage Certificate**.

**Thames measurement tonnage** is another volumetric system, generally used for small vessels such as yachts; it uses a formula based on the vessel's length and beam.

A ship’s displacement is based on weight. Titanic weighed around 52,000 metric tons and therefore displaced 52,000 metric tons of water. As she sank she began to weigh more than the water she displaced.

Modern day submarines are made to weigh the same as they displace, by using ballast tanks. In their case they “float under water neither rising nor sinking."